Motif
September 2002

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Contents
  1. Editorial

  2. Coiltek in Victoria - Brad Williams
    Coiltek Expands into Victoria

  3. The Perth Mint - Craig Wilson - courtesy Perth Mint
    Just what does the Perth Mint do?

  4. Kalgoorlies Golden Mile - Sue "Goldie" Reynolds
    The origins of this fabulous Golden Mile

  5. The Fraternity of Prospectors - Brad Williams
    The giant bond that exists worldwide

  6. Global Gold Movement - Laurelle Murphy
    Laurelle looks at Global Gold Movements

  7. Flecks - Snippets of interesting information

  8. Strikes - Recent Finds

  9. Next Lode - What's in next month's Gold Net Magazine

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1.  EDITORIALGold Nugget
Goldnet Australia is about to change dramatically. Previously we advised that we would be developing a chat site - and forums. In fact the site will be totally redeveloped at the front end - to cater for more interactive contributions from our members.

Included in the site will be a direct facility to sell your own gold fossicking gear - where you can describe and upload your own "for sale" products yourself. Additionally - there will be a facility to sell gold in all forms. And you can upload all the "for sale" details and your pics quickly and easily.

There will be a facility for members to post articles - similar to the magazine articles that now appear - along with pics. This will make the site extremely easy for you to use. This alteration will take some time - as one does not build a complete web site in a few minutes.

We can also proudly advise that this magazine is now read by over 12,000 subscribers. A great achievment indeed - and one we are very proud of.

One other piece of news - is that the Gold Expo that is usually undertaken in Ballarat in March - will be suspended for one year. We have consciously made the decision to move the Expo into Melbourne. However finding a suitable site in Melbourne at a realistic price and with all the required facilities has proved a difficult task at this time. Further investigations are being made and a much bigger and more extensive Expo is planned for March 2004.

We apologise for the delay this month. This was due to the Editor being sick.

VALE JOHN MORRIS

I have the sad duty of informing you that PMAV Life Member and Treasurer John Winter passed away this morning - Sunday 15th September 2002.
You are probably aware that John has been battling cancer over the last 3 months but passed peacefully today, not having gained consciousness after being admitted to hospital last week.
If you could please let your colleagues know of John's passing, I would very much appreciate it.
John will be greatly missed by all PMAV members and many in the wider community. He was a founding member of the PMAV and was a member of the Committee since we were established 22 years ago. The funeral is to be Wednesday. Please let me know if you require details.
Anyone wishing to send a card to John's wife, Noela, and family can do so c/- GPO Box 1706P, Melbourne 3001.

Rita Bentley
President - Prospectors and Miners Association

Editor

Email: editor@gold-net.com.au

All material in this magazine is copyright and may not be reproduced in any part or form whatsoever without written permission from the publisher.
Genuine Educational Authorities are encouraged to make requests - which will not, in general, be denied.

Gold Net Australia Online
Box 854,
Modbury 5092
Australia
Ph: (08) 8396 7647
Mobile: 0417 848 910

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2.  COILTEK IN VICTORIA Gold Nugget
         by Brad Williams

Coiltek have embarked on a new venture which is changing the focus of the company direction. With the implementation of a new retail outlet centred in the heart of the Golden Triangle in Victoria the Coiltek juggernaut marches on to even greater prosperity for the industry as a whole.

Monday the 2nd of September saw the new Coiltek Gold Centre open at Maryborough, Victoria. The day was a boomer with a phenomenal number of prospectors and interested participants from all over the gold fields.
The staff were more than busy for most of the day, selling gear and taking orders and generally discussing the state of the industry.
The centre is situated on the Bendigo Road - just east of the town not far past the gold course. The imposing building is log cabin style and is well situated within the gold fields. This new facility is designed to cater for all prospectors from all over Australia.

Under Construction - Click to enlarge Free coffee will be available to all customers on the outdoor setting on the front veranda, where nuggets are expected to be dug by the bucket full. Jim Foster says he will clean up each night and try to separate the real nuggets from the tall stories that will no doubt proliferate. A conference room will be available to gold buyers and seller to do deals in private.

There will be a full range of all Coiltek products for the discerning detectorist - along with other allied products from other manufacturers that compliment the discerning prospector. The retail outlet will be a one stop shop for all your prospecting needs, and will have an outstanding range of products - second to none anywhere in Australia.

Prospecting guided tours will be available under the expert guidance of local operators and there are plenty of hire detectors in the form of the Minelab SD and GP range.

Second hand detectors, both gold and coin machines are available for sale while a Clearing House for second hand detectors and allied equipment is expected to be up and running in the near future.

Coiltek are also specialising in Solar Energy systems for prospectors. This means a system can be specially designed for individual needs where there is no expensive overkill, or lack of power due to under quoting.
Much better, quieter, and cheaper than generators. Solar panels are just the beginning. There will be several sizes of panels available, batteries, inverters, and rechargeable equipment of all kinds.

Jim Foster Supervising the Troops - Click to enlarge Coiltek will have an entire range of panels, batteries, regulators, invertors and rechargeable equipment. The customer only has to detail what equipment is to be powered and we will put together a solar package suitable for that application. The management team draws on many years of caravanning and camping in isolated places for several months using and testing solar equipment in the goldfields last season.

If you want to build a solar energy setup for your next expedition get the best advice, and equipment from Coiltek. Navigation takes up an entire section of the shop with maps, GPS, compasses, and information books to compliment the maps, etc. Some new and exciting products ar on the drawing board for this area as well.

Walco Super Picks have an entire display section to show their picks, belts, pick holders and other equipment.
The entire range of Coiltek coils and equipment are available with new lines arriving almost weekly as John Kah, freed from the hassle of retail sales, powers up his inventive genius.

Staff at the new Coiltek Gold Centre will be Jim Foster and his wife Cheryl, managing. John Morris on Friday and Saturdays, with John Gladdis, who is now again involved with Coiltek floating in and out, mixing tours and other duties as required.

This new venture for Coiltek is a positive statement to the industry and will be a catalyst for the industry to positively progress in this great detecting area.

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3.  THE PERTH MINTGold Nugget
         by Craig Wilson - courtesy Perth Mint

The Perth Mint is Australia's oldest operating Mint, established in 1899 to mint gold sovereigns for the British Empire. The Mint is owned by the Western Australian Government and is Australia's specialist precious metals mint, producing collector and investment coins for world markets. The Perth Mint has played a central role in the development of Western Australia's gold industry During the 19th Century, three branches of the Royal Mint of London were established in the Australian colonies to refine gold from the gold rushes and to mint gold sovereigns and half-sovereigns for the British Empire.

The Sydney branch opened in 1855, the Melbourne branch in 1872 and the Perth branch on 20 June 1899, two years before Australia's Federation in 1901.
In the early 1880s, before the gold rushes, the population of Western Australia was a mere 48,000. By 1900, it was 180,000. This sudden influx of gold seekers put a great strain on the colony's resources. At that time, there was very little money available in Perth for which the miners could exchange the gold they found or to pay for the goods and services needed by the fast growing population.

Before 1901, Australia still did not exist as a nation, thus the States were operating as separate colonies. The then Premier of Western Australia, Sir John Forrest, asked the British Government to establish a branch of the Royal Mint in Perth to refine the gold being produced in the Eastern goldfields and to mint it into British gold coins to be used as currency in the colony.
Forrest laid the foundation stone of The Perth Mint in 1896. The designer of the Mint was George Temple Poole of the Public Works Department, an outstanding architect responsible for a number of elegant colonial buildings.

Perth Mint - Click to enlarge Today, as testimony to the quality of his work, The Perth Mint complex has the highest classification from the National Trust and was one of the first buildings entered on the State's heritage register. The limestone used for the building was quarried at Rottnest Island. The symmetry and features are typical of the period and the sturdy construction necessary for precious metal handling and security. The total cost of construction was 58,000 pounds, a considerable sum during those times, equivalent to A$7,250,000 nowadays.

The legal heritage of the Perth Mint goes back much further than the building itself. Having been established as a branch of London's Royal Mint, the rights, duties, privileges and responsibilities of the Crown as they applied to the Royal Mint were also transmitted to The Perth Mint. Thus, a link exists between The Perth Mint and the venerable institution of the Royal Mint on Tower Hill, London, where the Mint has stood since the Romans first struck coins there in 287AD.

The Perth Mint remained under the jurisdiction of Britain, until 1 July 1970, when theMint became a statutory authority of the Government of Western Australia. It remains a State institution, though the Sydney and Melbourne mints ceased to operate long ago, largely due to the decline of gold production in the Eastern States. Today, more than 100 years after its opening, The Perth Mint continues to function, and is one of the oldest Mints in the world still operating from its original premises.

Throughout its long history, the Perth Mint has fulfilled the dual roles of precious metal refining and coining. In its first 100 years of operation, the Mint's refined fine gold output totalled 4,500tonnes, representing 3.25% of the total tonnage of gold produced by mankind. This would have formed a solid gold cube measuring some six metres on each side.

The refinery operated at the original Hay Street, East Perth, premises from June 1899 until April 1990, when it was moved to a new state-of-the-art facility at Newburn, adjacent to Perth's International Airport. In December 1998, the Mint's refining and precious metals industrial products businesses were merged with those of Golden West (Australasia) Pty Ltd, to form the Australian Gold Refineries Joint Venture (AGR JV), with the Mint, operated by Gold Corporation, holding 50% equity.

Golden West's 50% interest in AGR JV was later sold, in August 2001, to the Australian Gold Alliance Pty Ltd (AGA), the shareholders of which will be a consortium of major gold producers.
The Perth Mint belongs to a select group of gold refiners around the world whose weights and assays have accreditation on the London Bullion Market, which regulates the world's gold trade. The Mint also has the distinction of having produced the purest gold ever assayed by the Royal Mint. This means gold refined by The Perth Mint finds acceptance anywhere in the world. The affixing of the Mint stamp or seal guarantees both the weight and the purity of the metal as shown on the face of the gold or silver bar. The Perth Mint has had the benchmark London accreditation since 1928 and is also accredited by the New York Commodity Exchange and the Tokyo Commodity Exchange.

The Mint produces a wide range of gold and silver bullion bars (silver is a bi-product of gold). For the investor, gold is available in medallion-like ingots containing as little as half an ounce of gold, up to bars of 400 ounces, worth about A$200,000 each, the standard form for professional gold trading around the world.

Gold and silver alloy and fabricated forms to satisfy the requirements of jewellers, dentists and other industrial users are also prepared. The Perth Mint has also played an advisory role in establishing several other international mints and refineries, including the world's largest, South Africa's Rand Refinery In the early days of gold mining and into the 1920s, the bulk of the gold produced in Western Australia was converted into 22-carat alloy and issued as sovereigns and half-sovereigns for circulation and government reserves.

By the time minting of gold coinage ceased in 1931, the Perth Mint had issued over106 million British sovereigns and nearly 735,000 half-sovereigns. These were not strictly Australian coins, as they were identical to those struck by all branches of theRoyal Mint throughout the Empire The Perth Mint also produced large volumes of Australia's conventional legal tender coinage over many years until 1984.

Before Australia's Federation, the silver and bronze coins in circulation were also British, but shortly after the emergence of Australia as a Commonwealth on 1 January 1901, plans were made for a new coinage, and the Australian Coinage Act was proclaimed in 1909. The first Australian silver coins (florins, shillings, sixpences and threepences) were dated 1910 and the first bronze coins (pennies and half-pennies) were dated 1911.

The new coins were initially struck in England, Sydney, Melbourne and for a short time, in India. In 1922, The Perth Mint made pennies for the first time. There was a break in coin production in Perth between 1931 and 1940, but from 1940 until 1964, pennies or half-pennies came off the presses continuously. By 1964, 438 million pennies and 256 million half-pennies had been produced at The Perth Mint, with a small issue of 1.3 million shillings dated 1946 also struck.

In 1964, the Mint turned its energies to stock-piling bronze coins in preparation for Australia's change-over to decimal currency in 1966. A break occurred between 1968 and 1973, but steady production of two-cent coins continued until the end of 1983, by which time 829 million two-cent coins and 26 million one-cent coins had been minted in Perth.

Australian Gold Refineries - Click to enlarge Today, all of Australia's circulating coin currency is produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra. In the mid-1980's following a major redevelopment initiated by the State Government, specifically the former Western Australian Premier, Brian Burke, The Perth Mint became the home of the Australian Precious Metals Coin Program, and now has the international reputation of being a specialist Mint in this field. By agreement with the Commonwealth Government, The Perth Mint is responsible for manufacturing and marketing most of Australia's legal tender precious metal coinage under the nation's Currency Act. These bullion and proof quality coins include the Australian Nugget gold coins, the Australian Koala platinum coins and the Australian Kookaburra silver coins.

Their legal tender status is the key to their international tradability because, just as in King Croesus's day, the government backing for the coins is the guarantee of the weight and purity of the gold, platinum and silver they contain.

Altogether, from November 1986 to the end of June 2001, The Perth Mint in its new era converted more than 135 tonnes of gold, 305 tonnes of silver and 18 tonnes of platinum into value-added coins, 85% of which were sold overseas. This accomplishment has seen The Perth Mint (Gold Corporation) consistently ranked among Australia's top 30 export earners.

The Perth Mint, in partnership with the Royal Australia Mint, produced and marketed the official commemorative coins and medallions of the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The prestigious Sydney 2000 Olympic Coin Program (launched on 9 October 1997) was the official coin program commemorating the Sydney Olympic Games, and the most significant coin collection ever released in Australia for international distribution. The Program was authorised by the Commonwealth Treasury, thus all coins were issued as legal tender of Australia. The unique collection of eight gold coins, sixteen silver coins, twenty-eight bronze 'sports' coins and the Silver Kilo Olympic Masterpiece, were released between October 1997 and May 2000.

The Silver Kilo Olympic Masterpiece was the largest Olympic coin ever produced and the first Olympic coin to feature all the 28 sports of an Olympic Games. The two mints also shared the honour of manufacturing the prestigious Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Victory Medals. In the early 1990s, the Mint's majestic wrought iron gates that had been locked to the general public for more than 90 years, were thrown open. This followed the establishment of The Perth Mint Shop, in October 1990, and the Gold Exhibition, in December 1993. The Perth Mint has since become a major tourist attraction, winning multiple State and National tourism awards and hosting more than 120,000 visitors a year. Open seven days a week, its most popular its most popular attraction is an hourly Gold Pour, held in the original Melthouse.

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4.  KALGOORLIE'S GOLDEN MILEGold Nugget             
         by Jim Bowman

Much had been written about the fabulous golden wealth at Kalgoorlie, in Western Australia. It is indeed one of the wealthiest golden places on earth. For over 100 years the golden mile has produced gold in extraordinary quantities, and provided massive wealth both for the finders and also for the State when economic times were hard.

Although the discovery of this gold field is attributed to Paddy Hannan, there were his two partners, Tom Flanagan and Dan Shea, who were also intricately involved. As Paddy registered the claim - the credit went to him.
The first gold found here was in June 1893, near Mount Charlotte. There is a line of low hills here about 25 miles east of Coolgardie.

Within a few short days over 700 diggers were working their claims. The best gold was running north and south from the first claims - so as more prospectors arrived they took up leases running in those directions.
Two prospectors from South Australia, Brookman and Pearce has been unsuccessfully prospecting the Adelaide Hills at Boulder's Claim, and were part of a syndicate to peg and lay claim to some of the best areas, noting the low iron stone hills, which indicated to the experienced diggers, good gold country. Within a few months over 100 leases had been registered and good gold was being wrought from the ground throughout the region.

Kalgoorlies Super Pit - Click to enlarge In this arid and dry land water was always a problem. Even drinking water was scarce, and water to wash pay dirt was as rare as rocking horse manure. That is why the dry blowers and cradles were invented. They certainly served a purpose and even today a lot of dry blowers and cradles are still used in the arid zones of the gold fields.

It took until 1903 for the government to provide a pipe line that took water to the region. This relieved the terrible stress and restrictions that the lack of water obviously had on restricting activity on the gold fields. Ironically, although this was an exceptional golden area - the real wealth was not recognised for several years. Companies were reluctant to invest and progress was slow with investors scarce.

It really took about 6 - 7 years before the real wealth that lay under the surface was recognised. Even then it was slow going, but eventually the gold field developed into the greatest gold field the world has ever seen. And produce it did - the great golden mile is still producing today some 100 plus years after.

Today you will not find a pick and shovel at the golden mile - other than in a museum, and the huge trucks and explosives have taken over from those primitive methods. The great Super Pit is a huge pit, which covers a vast area just east of Kalgoorlie, and when viewing the pit from the tourist platform, the large trucks look like toys as they traverse the long and winding roads to the surface.

Early production figures from the Golden Mile were as follows.

COMPANY OUNCES
Golden Horseshoe 1,431,856
Great Boulder 1,364,866
Ivanhoe 959,135
Great Boulder Perseverence 975,828
Lake View Consol's 879.383
Oroya Brown's Hill 863.361
Associated Gold Mines 573,617
Associated North Gold Mine 279.787
Kalgurli Gold Mine 306,683
South Kalgurli 120,220
Hainualt's 65,185

These figures relate up to 1906 only. Today the real wealth of the Golden Mile is still beling assessed.

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5.  THE FRATERNITY OF PROSPECTORSGold Nugget
        by Brad Williams

It is amazing just how similar gold prospectors are right around the world. The lure of the golden yellow metal knows no bounds around the globe, and the quality of the characters that abound looking for the hidden gold is to say the least awesome.

If you have spent time in the gold fields, as I have, you come across some incredible characters. The one thing that stands these men and woman out from the also rans, is the fact that they are doing something positive in their lives and above all, generally are prepared to share at least their experiences, warts and all.

Now disclosing where they found a good patch or that big nugget might be another matter, but overall those involved are a great bunch of characters. And of course these characters are not just confined to one area or for that matter country. They are seen globally.

Now all could be described as characters, but as the gold prospecting fraternity is a diverse bunch, we have more than our fair share of prospectors that are outstanding in personality and demeanour, so much so, that that are noted across the globe.

Prospecting in the Bush - Click to enlarge I hesitate to name a few of them, but one cannot help but have a wry grin when one reads the little gems penned by Greg "Doc" Lousignont Ph.D. relating to detecting and associated matters that appear on forums globally.
Additionally, the information provided by Chris Hake from the Golden West also makes compelling reading. Janet, the Queensland dynamo, who recently posted a story relating to her experiences on a salt lake with a hive of bees looking for water, had us all rolling on the floor with laughter. Sorry about that Janet, but the story although obviously true, really related the situation well.

But it's not only these characters who contribute to the net comments that I am talking about. It's the real characters who ply their trade in the gold fields with a consistency and determination that make them legends. Most of these characters are more than willing to impart their knowledge and help a novice to find that first illusive piece of gold.

I remember the first time I hired a detector and went detecting. I had no idea what I was doing and spent the best part of the day frustrated and eventually very disappointed. When expressing this to John Gladdis - he took me under his wing and the next time I went to Victoria, I met John and under his expert tutorage, the whole idea began to fall into place. It was then that I began to find gold. He sure put me on the right track.

Perhaps if you sit around a camp fire with some of these folks, and listen to the bush yarns they can tell, sometimes quite late into the night, you are spell bound by the intriguing stories they relate, some with ever greater gold finds, and with of course the obligatory tall stories that abound throughout to make the tale, somewhat taller.
Prospecting in the Bush - Click to enlarge Ironically, most of these yarns originate in fact, its just that as time goes by, the 2 ounce nugget turns into 20 ounces and the 2 gram piece turns into a 2 ounce piece. Never the less, to listen and sort the wheat from the chaff, so to speak, is quite an experience for the uninitiated.

One should remember that Aussies are great practical jokers. It is part of the psyche to play a joke on some unsuspecting character. These are often played on your closest friends and also on overseas visitors. Tall stories abound, with wild creatures a favourite topic. I once heard one tale of a very large big red kangaroo, who, according to the tale, was shot at by a roo shooter. He missed and the gun jammed, and upon seeing this the roo turned and bounded right up to him, smacked him in the mouth with his paw, knocking him to the ground, then turned around and bounded off - leaving the shooter stunned and gob smacked. Now I could not say that this didn't happen, but some stories do get taller as they age.

I digress somewhat from the subject of that great bond that binds prospectors. It certainly exists, and is enhanced on each and every occasion that prospectors venture forth into the gold fields areas to find gold. There are many stories of characters who have shared great wealth with their mates. This was abundantly evident 150 years ago in the gold fields, where mateship and sharing meant more to those men that a few £.

Perhaps in some instances that cannot be said today that the same bond exists between some prospectors, as there are some loners out there. Generally though, the great camaraderie that is displayed is not just noted but is respected by all those who seriously prospect.
This great bond stands globally. From those in the Nordic countries, throughout Europe, Africa, and into the Americas, and of course, down under here in Australia, where the characters flourish, and the legends of the great bush men and woman continues in ever increasing volumes.

It will be a very say day if this fraternity ceases to exist. I cannot see that happening, as the great spirit of the prospector is alive and well, just as it was 150 plus years ago. Keep up the good work you guys. Just don't get too tall with those yarns.

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6.  GLOBAL GOLD MOVEMENTGold Nugget
         by Laurelle Murphy

Gold changes globally

Changes in holdings, as recorded by the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics, are allocated between columns according to the probable reason for them; for some countries this is subject to some uncertainty. Trading refers to cases where the central banks of gold producing countries acquire newly-mined gold which they may later sell, swap or retain in reserves.Some of these countries aim to build up their reserves over the longer-term.

Overall

This includes all countries and international financial institutions including ones where reserves changed by less than one tonne.

Austria.
Austria announced on April 3 2000 that it intended to sell 90 tonnes of gold during the Washington Agreement on Gold (see below) period. 30 tonnes were sold forward in 1999 but were delivered only in early July. A further 30 tonnes were sold in March 2001.

Brazil
Brazil has been actively involved in the gold swaps market for some time. The central bank announced that the 25 tonne reduction in its reported gold holdings in December 1999 was not a spot sale, but declined to reveal whether it was part of the swaps programme, or a delivery against a forward sale.

Canada
Canada has a long-term programme of selling off its gold reserves. The timing of actual sales is thought to depend essentially on federal finance requirements.

Chile.
Chile decided to sell off its gold reserves entirely, completing the sale in June 2000, with the exception of certain historic coins and bullion.

Czech Republic.
The accounting adjustment in December 1999 reflects the settlement of a long-standing dispute with Slovakia over ownership of certain gold reserves. The 5.0 tonnes in question had previously been held off balance sheet.

ECB/ESCB/Greece.
Greece adopted as its currency the euro from Jan 1 2001. As part of the process it transferred foreign exchange reserves to the European Central Bank, funded 15% in gold. Its remaining gold reserves are now part of the total reserves of the Eurosystem. The discrepancy between the increase in the ECB's reserves (19.5 tonnes) and the decrease in Greek reserves (8 tonnes) is due to the Greek figures now including around 10 tonnes of swapped gold that was previously excluded.

Japan
The increase in July 2000 of 10 tonnes is due to the Bank of Japan transferring its claims against the Bank for International Settlements to an 'earmarked' account from a 'sight' account. The claims against the BIS are now booked as 'gold' rather than as 'foreign currency assets' and thus show up in the gold reserve statistics.

Netherlands
Netherlands announced in December 1999 that it was to sell 300 tonnes of gold during the Washington Agreement period. The first 100 tonnes were sold through the BIS during the period December 1999 to February 2000. Sales resumed in June 2001.

Russia
Russia has a policy of gradually increasing its gold reserves. It became more active in the swaps market in 1998 after a period of inactivity following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Fluctuations in its holdings since that date are understood to be primarily due to swap activities, together with some accumulation.

South Africa
South Africa agreed a three-year gold-denominated term credit worth US$500m in June 2000. The increases in gold reserves reported for July and August 2000 reflect this.

Switzerland
Switzerland started in May 2000 a project to sell approximately half – 1,300 tonnes – of its extensive gold reserves. 492 tonnes have been sold through the BIS to date. It intends to sell the remainder under the current term of the Washington Agreement on Gold.

United Kingdon
The UK announced its intention to sell 415 tonnes of gold in May 1999. The first 125 tonnes were sold in a series of five 25 tonne auctions held every two months starting in July 1999 and ending in March 2000. In March 2000 HM Treasury announced that the series of 25 tonne auctions every two months would continue for a further year up to March 2001. In March 2001 it announced that the auctions would change to six of 20 tonnes, taking place every two months from May 2001. HM Treasury confirmed to the WGC that the sales programme is considered finished despite that fact that only 395 tonnes was sold. In total, 345 tonnes of the sale fell under the Washington Agreement (all but the 50 tonnes sold in the July and September 1999 auctions prior to the Agreement).

Uruguay
Uruguay announced in August 2000 its plans to sell 23 tonnes during the second half of 2000. This sale was recorded in IFS during August and September.

Venezuela
Venezuela entered the swaps market in 1998.

Washington Agreement on Gold.
On September 26 1999 fifteen European central banks (those of the 11 Eurozone countries, the European Central Bank, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK) announced that their sales of gold over the next five years would be limited to 2,000 tonnes (sold at a rate of approximately 400 tonnes a year) and that there would be no increase in their net lending. The 2,000 tonnes is made up of Austria (90 tonnes), the Netherlands (300 tonnes), the UK (345 tonnes) and Switzerland (most of their 1,300 tonne planned sale).

Yugoslavia
The former Yugoslavia divided its 45 tonnes between the successor states in June 2001. In addition to Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina received 6 tonnes and Serbia-Montenegro 17 tonnes; neither of these states reports their gold holdings to the IMF. Croatia sold its gold in September 2001.

The USA, the IMF and the BIS, while not formally signing the agreement, have associated themselves with it and the Japanese also indicated that they have no plans to sell gold.

The USA's gold holdings undergo periodic fluctuations due to arrangements for purchasing and then supplying gold to the US mint for the manufacture of bullion coins. (Gold from the reserve is normally used for commemorative coins.)

In many cases the reason for the movement in a country's gold reserves is known or suspected. But in others it is not. Allocations will at times be tentative and will include a number of instances where the reason for the change is not known.


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7.  FLECKS ! - Glints from here and thereGold Nugget

PMAV Media Release - 8/9/02

Eureka hypocrisy.

The Bracks Government was put on notice today that Victoria’s prospectors and miners will not accept any attempts to politicise the 150th Anniversary of the Eureka uprising in 2004.

Prospectors and Miners Association President, Rita Bentley, today expressed serious concerns with the Premier’s moves to lead the Eureka 150 celebrations. "How can Premier Bracks talk about Victoria being the birthplace of democracy when his Government refuses to listen to the people? The Government’s policies are deliberately removing small miners from the bush and yet Bracks is proposing to use the anniversary of a miners revolt against unfair Government for his own political gain. This is the height of hypocrisy."

"Of most serious concern to prospectors and miners is the pending legislation to create a series of new national and state parks across the goldfields. This will significantly reduce the areas available for prospecting and mining. Additionally, the Government is proposing to increase requirements on small mining operations to make them equal with the largest operations such as the brown coal operations in the Latrobe Valley and the Stawell gold mine. This will be the end of the small, family operated sector of the mining industry – this Government that continually claims to be caring simply doesn’t give a damn."

Prospectors and miners are not alone in their criticism of the Government’s policies on traditional activities. The Bracks’ Government has also faced intense criticism from most other bush user groups on its handling of the Box and Ironbark issue, pest plants and animals, marine parks, etc.

The creation of the Bush Users Group, which now represents the interests of over 270,000 Victorians, was brought about by the frustration of many bush users that Government was ignoring their concerns regarding the fraudulent nature of the Environment Conservation Council’s investigation into the box ironbark area.
"The massive factual and mathematical errors and bias in the ECC’s Report have been glossed over by Government – apparently the facts and the loss of country jobs are irrelevant to the decision makers in this Government."

"If Premier Bracks and his Government don’t start really taking notice of the concerns of the people in the bush they may just be facing another Eureka uprising through the ballot box", Ms Bentley concluded.

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8.  STRIKESGold Nugget
        Recent Finds

2002LocationSize
AugustW.A.2.8 oz
AugustInglewood5 oz
AugustMaryborough7.8 oz
We will only publish information that has been authenticated. This is by no means a comprehensive list as many quality finds are not disclosed. - Ed.

2.8oz 2.8oz


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9.  THE NEW LODE - Next Month's Issue

It is anticipated that the new look site will be operational from next month.
Progressively the site will be altered to reflect a more interactive site.



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