August 2001


  1. Editorial

  2. Hidden Gold Fields - Brad Williams
    We look for hidden gold fields

  3. Kalgoorlie's Attractions - Sue "Goldie" Reynolds
    Taking a look at Kalgoorlie's Attractions

  4. The Long Tunne Extended Mine - Laurelle Murphy
    A new and innovative Tourist Attraction

  5. Coiltek's UFO Search Coil - Jim Foster
    A great gold finder from Coiltek

  6. The BUG is here - Brad Williams
    A new innovative group is formed to stand up for our rights

  7. Flecks - Snippets of interesting information

  8. Strikes - Recent Finds

  9. Next Lode - What's in next month's Gold Net Magazine


1.  EDITORIALGold Nugget
The BUG is here. BUG being a new organisation recently formed by several independent organisations who have an interest in Victorian Forests. Among the members are the Timber Communities Australia, Prospectors and Miners Association of Victoria, the Victorian Apiarists Association, the Victorian Eucalyptus Distillers Association, Construction Materials Processing Association, Confederation of Australian Motor Sports, Broken Boosey Land holders and Field and Game Australia. Their combined strength will undoubtedly add to the rising chorus of voices against the proposals of the EEC, and hopefully force the EEC and the Government to a more pragmatic approach to the proposals.

Next month we will be looking at the innovative development pioneered by Coiltek to improve depth by converting power sources - that maximise power for longer periods. It is indeed innovative and an inexpensive modification to the SD Series of Minelabs Detectors.

There is a clear move coming from the US at the moment to purchase gold. Now we all know that when an economy is in difficulty there is a move to purchase gold. Does this mean that the price will lift? - who knows - we can only hope, but I can report that Gold Net was asked this month to supply gold in large amounts to US sources.


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         by Brad Williams

Somewhere out there lies a treasure trove of gold still yet to be discovered. Those of us who detect and have even the slightest interest in gold believe that, or we would not be out there as often as we can - seeking that illusive hidden treasure.

Now to say that most of the gold in the Golden Triangle of Victoria has been recovered, may well have a ring of truth to it - but out there in that giant triangle of auriferous ground there is sure to be a lot of hidden treasures yet to be discovered. I might add that, as a great deal of Australia is auriferous, the amount of gold in redeemable quantities yet to be recovered might surprise.

We all know of the fabulously wealthy auriferous ground throughout the Western Australian gold fields, and undoubtedly there are a lot of golden areas yet to be discovered in that region. Only a year ago a large payable gold field was discovered only 20 kilometres from Kalgoorlie. One would expect with gold being sought in that area for over 100 years that a gold area of this magnitude would have been discovered already - but not so. Golden areas are still out there to be discovered.

Silver Not Gold - Click to enlarge The vast expanses of outback Australia certainly hold many golden secrets. Perhaps one of the least explored - yet with some incredibly auriferous areas is the Gawler Craton area of South Australia. A huge area to the west - and north of Port Augusta - contains vast wealth that is yet to be discovered. We are aware of gold at Tarcoola - and throughout this entire region there are huge auriferous areas that may well hold significant gold reserves beyond our wildest dreams.

To give some indication of the vast gold that is locked in this area, one only needs to look at the gold operations of Western Mining at the Olympic Dam Mine. Some 6.5 tons of gold was recovered from this mine during the last fiscal year. Now that's a lot of gold. It should be remembered that Olympic Dam mine is essentially a copper mine. Undoubtedly the massive area of auriferous country in this region must hide gold that is there is vast quantities and yet to be discovered.

There is also an area in the north of South Australia near the border of the Northern Territory that is extremely auriferous. Now exactly where this area is I do not know. I have just seen the gold that is coming from there in astounding quantities, and with monotonous regularity. I guess that will be something for the serious prospector to research and work out.

The great expanses of the Northern Territory, for many years hid the great Tanami auriferous area. Now mainly under leases, this area is a bonanza of gold to those who take the time to visit this remotest of remote places. Yes, it is a long way from anywhere and way out in the desert, but the gold that is still yet to be found in this region is clearly abundant. Just remember to take a cut lunch and a water bag if you head out that way.

Another area of interest that is largely overlooked is the Adelaide hills. Although gold was not found in copious quantities here, there are a number of areas of significant interest. There is a triangular area from Echunga, Meadows and Macclesfield, with significant auriferous areas that break through to the surface in irregular patterns. Throughout this area the creeks mostly contain fine gold and old timers will tell you that many a prospector used to wash gold from these creeks during the winter when the creeks were running.
The Mine - Close to Adelaide - Click to enlarge I personally intend to explore this area with more vigour in the future. I have one specific wooded area in mind - that I will keep in camera at this time - but if I do find anything I shall disclose the exact whereabouts afterwards.

There are a number of areas in this region that hide old gold mines. Most are now on private land but there are some that still exist on public land. They are not easy to locate - but generally are located in an arc southeast - southwest from Echunga. Traces of gold in the creeks indicate more gold in greater quantities elsewhere.

I had heard of an old gold mine in the vicinity of Tea Tree Gully, in the foot hills close to Adelaide. In recent months I had done some research in an effort endeavour to locate this "lost" mine. After pouring over old maps and old papers etc. looking for evidence of this mine, I pin pointed an area and on weekends would walk through this area seeking out any tell tale signs. After many weeks, I thought that the mine was going to remain hidden.
Then out of the blue I broke through some undergrowth one day and right in front of me was a very deep hole. It almost looked natural until I peered over the side and saw the tell tale signs of large groups of rocks and heaps of well-piled dirt. I locked in the location with the GPS. I thought my search was over - so I took some photos and then checked out some old maps. I had found an old mine all right - but it was a silver mine. Well that gold mine must be out there somewhere. I'll just have to keep looking. I think I am on the right track now - it's just a matter of time.

There are many areas throughout Australia where both new and old gold mines and areas are yet to be discovered. It is just a matter of either recognising auriferous ground or researching old maps, archives and historical society material for a wealth of information that lies there for the taking.

For me, I am taking a look at the bottom end of the Finnis River before the winter ends. I did some research on that river not that long ago. It made for interesting reading. I'll let you know what I find.


         by Sue "Goldie" Reynolds

Have you ever been to Kalgoorlie? Well Kal as its known locally is a long way from anywhere. But hidden within Kalgoorlie and its surrounds lies a wealth of attractions that stand as a living testament to the heart of this outback community.

The gold history of this region dominates the tourist attractions, and rightly so. To the north of the town on the Goldfields Highway lies Hannans North Historic Mining Reserve. Underground tours encapsulate and mesmerise those interested in the old golden past.

A little further to the north is the Bush 2 Up Ring. Now 2 Up, is uniquely Australian. It is a game where participants bet on the prospects of two "pennies" landing odds or evens. That is with the heads of both coins facing upwards after they have been tossed into the air - being evens - and with a head and the other side of the coin - commonly known as "tails" being odds. It is a game that is generally illegal these days except for certain occasions and in certain locations. Like this bush location.

Paddy Hannan's Statue - Click to enlarge Within Kalgoorlie itself lies the outstanding Museum of the Goldfields. A magnificent display of gold fields memorabilia, nuggets, jewellery and working displays. You can take a lift to the top of the mineframe for a spectacular view of the city. This facility is open from 10am to 4pm daily. This exhibit is well worth a visit.

Perhaps the most outstanding attraction at Kalgoorlie - is the Golden Mile Super Pit gold mine. This massive open cut mine - boasts its origins as part of the richest square mile of gold bearing earth ever discovered, on earth.
This ground has for over 100 years poured forth gold in endless streams. The depth and breadth of this giant pit is staggering. The huge vehicles that travel across the many levels to the depths of the current mined level appear in the distance like "dinky toys". I often wonder just where all the dirt that has been taken from this huge hole is now.

Take a ride on the Loopline Tourist Railway. This rail line was once the busiest in Western Australia. Today the loop line takes just one hour to travel around the Golden Mile. It leaves from the Boulder City Railway Station, from Monday to Saturday at 10am. On Sundays and Public Holidays there are two departure times - 10am and 11.45am.

Perhaps the most recognised attraction in Kalgoorlie, is the statue of Paddy Hannan himself. The unobtrusive little miner who is credited with finding this fabulous wealth. His replica statue stands, or should I more correctly say sits, as a timely reminder to all who visit this place that Paddy was indeed a great pioneer in this vast and forbidding land.

The Royal Flying Doctor Service Visitor Centre south west of the town displays the history of this unique and necessary service that originated over 70 years ago and was pioneered by John Flynn. Flynn was a minister of religion whose foresight in bringing medical aid to the vast expanses of the outback by organising planes to fly the seriously ill and injured from remote stations to larger centres where medical help was available is legendary.

Kalgoorlie's Super Pit - Click to enlarge Another major site of significant interest - well it certainly was to the lonely minors of yesteryear, is the legal brothel, known as Langtrees 181, that is now not only a working business, but also a major tourist attraction in the town. A $3,000,000 redevelopment of this once well known whorehouse was recently completed and bus loads of interested tourists inspect this unique facility daily, which also has a museum relating to the "ladies of the night".
The building is designed in such a way that tourists can inspect the entire operation - well, almost - without there being any contact between the ladies of the night and the tourists.
Sorry fellers - no freebies allowed.

There are an amazing number of tours that commence from Kalgoorlie. Tours that display the aboriginal heritage of this area - with over night stays visiting the Wongi Tribe. Enjoy the culture and the history of these unique and clever people and enjoy their "bush tucker". That is the food that they find in the bush and eat on a daily basis, to sustain them. To understand the aboriginal culture cannot be done in such a short time - but at least it gives the visitor a snap shot of the incredible talents of these indigenous people. To see how well they can track and "read" ground signs is an eye opening experience. I enjoy time with aboriginal communities, as their talents are unbelievable.

Of course there are a host of gold tours and safaris, that provide a wealth of different adventures from a few hours to fully catered outback detecting safaris, over several days or even weeks.
There are many ghost towns to the north of Kalgoorlie, and regular trips to these unique and often untouched areas are well worth the time. Perhaps one of the most popular is the ghost town of Kanowna, where the Kanowna Belle Gold Mine can also be seen.

One of the most spectacular sites in and around Kalgoorlie are the wild flowers. Throughout this desert region where rainfall is some years almost non - existent the proliferation of native wildflowers in bloom as far as the eye can see, is an attraction that draws tourists from all corners of the globe.
Just how these plants survive in such an inhospitable environment is in itself hard to comprehend. The brilliance of the colours in this forbidding environment is nourishment for the mind.

There are many more places of interests and things to do in and around Kalgoorlie that can take up a great deal of time. However, to the enthusiastic traveller, they are all of interest in this unique place on earth, that is Kalgoorlie.


4.  THE LONG TUNNEL EXTENDED MINEGold Nugget             
         by Laurelle Murphy

Walhalla has a long and colourful golden history. None more interesting that the story of the Long Tunnel Extended Gold Mine. The imposing grandeur of the surrounding mountains, known as the Baw Baw Plateau, provides a backdrop of outstanding beauty with crystal clear streams and crisp, pure, fresh air, and woodlands that refresh the soul.

Cohens Reef, known as one of the great gold producing reefs in Australia attaches significance to the Long Tunnel Extended Gold Mine, as this mine aligns with the northern end of the reef. Much of this mine has been maintained in original condition and has been well preserved. With a history that started in 1865 and concluding in 1911, this mine has a colourful history.

Walhalla - Click to enlarge Over the entire period of this mines productive life - it produced a staggering 13.7 tonnes of gold. Over US $50,000,000, in its lifetime. The Long Tunnel Extended Gold Mine was publicly subscribed to and for the investors provided outstanding returns for over 6 years from 1885 to 1908. In fact in 1896 and 1897, the dividends exceeded the paid up capital. Now that's a good investment if ever I saw one. Overall the dividends to investors was over 14 times the paid up share capital.

It is of interest to know that immediately adjacent to the Long Tunnel Gold Mine, the Renown Mine operated from 1929 to 1936 with very limited success. Just the luck of the lie of the gold.

The mine featured 8.5 kilometres (5 miles) of tunnels underground, reaching a depth of 923 metres below the machinery chamber which was itself 150 metres underground. In imperial terms that's about 3,500 feet down.
The inclined ventilation shaft leading from the surface to the machinery chamber had a gradient of about 1 on 2, and was constructed in 1900 -1901. The flu from the machinery chamber is 152 metres long.

The main machinery chamber was constructed in 1875 and was completed in 1876. In later years it was extended as required. It contained winding gear, boilers, compressors, pumps and engines. The difficulty of the terrain in the vicinity may have been the main reason behind the machinery chamber being located underground.

The location of the gold at Walhalla brought out the best in ingenuity of the minds of men. Many of the buildings at Walhalla perch upon precarious projections of very limited areas of level ground. The fire engine shed was constructed over Stringers Creek, and to this day houses the towns fire appliance.

Heritage at Walhalla - Click to enlarge Because of the limited level ground - the town is well spread out along Stringers Creek over several kilometres. Hidden away among the small gullies that abound in the area under dense foliage, old mining gear lies rusting slowly away. It indicates just how much mining was undertaken here in bygone days.

In recent years the local community has moved to re-open the Long Tunnel as a tourist attraction. Walhalla is close to the metropolis of Melbourne with some 3.5 million residents. With the support of the local Shire of Narracan, coupled with support from the Victorian Government and Federal Government the project is bound to succeed.

The location and situation of the mine will allow an outstanding tourist venue to be developed. Future work restoring the Machinery Chamber and Surface Tramways a well as the Battery site will enhance the tourist potential.
A great deal more work is yet to be done - but this small community has a big heart, and we can all look forward to an outstanding tourist facility in the future.

Day tours are presently being offered at 1.30pm. weekdays. On weekends, school and public holidays, tours commence at 1.30, 2.30, and 3.30 daily. These tours take about 45 minutes to complete.

This unique area is indeed spectacular. There are many other outstanding opportunities in the Walhalla area to enjoy the pristine wilderness that surrounds and almost smothers Walhalla. A visit to Baw Baw National Park during the warmer months reveals the true wilderness nature of this imposing and magnificent region. The fauna and flora in this region is both impressive and abundant. When you visit the Long Tunnel Extended Gold Mine at Walhalla, stay a while and enjoy this area. You will be enriched.


        by Jim Foster

I was stuffed! I had been walking all afternoon swingin' the wand. I had prospected slopes, gullies, flats, and anything else that looked good. I was heading back towards our vehicles when I saw Cheryl standing with Lyn & Gerry looking at a slight rise. Coming at it from the end furthest from them I suddenly came on old dry blow heaps and some old scrapes. Well hit me with a pick and call me as thick as cap-rock! While I'd been walking for hours over hill and latarite covered flats, Cheryl had found a beaut looking spot less than a hundred metres from the vehicles. And what was more she had two nice chunky nuggets she had found on it.

Walking around I checked the place out. It was only a couple of acres in size but looked good. It had been pushed with a small dozer many years before, but the ground was deep, much deeper than the scrapes. I could smell the gold deep down there! This was the second spot I had seen in two days, that was deep ground and where nuggets had come from.

Coiltek's UFO - Click to enlarge I began to think about the problem. I needed something that would go really DEEP. The coils we had were OK but others already had them too and possibly they had used them here. What I needed was something new in the way of search coils with the ability to go deeper than anything previous.
A week later I picked up from the Leonora Post Office the new U.F.0 from Coiltek. A 24 inch elliptical monoloop.

"Would it go deep?" I had asked the folk at Coiltek.
"You better believe it," was the reply.
"Was it sensitive?" I asked. The affirmative simile could not be printed here but rest assured it was imaginative.
"Was it stable on hot ground?" I asked.
"The most stable easy to use monoloop coil we have yet made," came back the suddenly serious answer.
"Being an eliptical coil of the Spider design means it is extremely light for the ground it covers. It also means it can be pushed into places a round 24" won't go."

After these reassuring words I was convinced it was the coil for me. Back on that slight rise Cheryl had found I made my first gridding run with the chain dragging behind me and the UFO waving in front. First round, nothing. Second round, a very wide and quiet but definite signal pulled me up. I was using my SD2200D in fixed with everything else standard. Flipping to Tracking Mode I waved the coil gently over the target.

The signal quickly faded as the 2200D tuned it out. I spat out a curse. It seemed the signal was most likely hot ground. But wise to the ways of the SD2200D I circled the coil around the target then flipped back into fixed. The signal came back loud and strong.
Marking out a hole that when dug would make an ideal hole for a power pole I began to dig. After six inches I tried the signal again. Still there and a bit stronger. A definite signal. The only question now, was it gold?

By the time I was down eighteen inches I was beginning to wonder if I'd missed the target - gone down past it. Then along came Lyn with a nice little 11" double D coil that fitted easily down the beginnings of a hole to rival Kalgoorlie's Super Pit. No, I hadn't missed it and the signal volume was nearly blowing her ears off.
At about two feet the target was out. With sweat streaming down my face I scrabbled around and found the target, it was gold alright, fifty grams of bright, clean, beautiful gold.

The UFO had more than paid for itself with the first nugget! That was the biggest nugget off that spot. The smallest weighed only 1.3 grams but came in very sharp from several inches down.
The next spot was similar ground. I walked right around the area before choosing a slight slope that looked good. Halfway down the slope I came across a recent scrape a couple of inches deep. Running the UFO over it I got another of those wide soft signals that indicates a deep target. Trying at every angle I came to the conclusion that the previous person had abandoned their hole as hot ground, but the UFO thought otherwise. At six inches the signal was harder and more definite. At a foot there was no doubt it was gold. At twenty inches I had the target out, a lovely, solid one-ounce nugget. Since then the nuggets have just kept coming.

Am I happy with the UFO? You betcha!


6.  THE BUG IS HEREGold Nugget
         by Brad Williams

Bush users from a wide area met recently in Seymour to form a State wide action group determined to ensure continued access to all public land in the box and ironbark region of Victoria.

The Bush Users Group (BUG) has been formed to fight proposals by the Environment Conservatin Council (ECC) to restrict access to many areas of public land in central and northern Victoria.

The ECC's Box Ironbark Forests and Woodlands investigation has recommended many new parks and reserves which will affect access for prospecting, dog-walking, horse-riding, timber cutting, mining, apiary, hinting, camping, firewood collecting and many other traditional activities.

At a State level, BUG represents concerned industries and associations, including Timber Communities Australia, Prospectors and Miners Association of Victoria, the Victorian Apiarists Association, the Victorian Eucalyptus Distillers Association, Construction Materials Processing Association, Confederation of Australian Motor Sports, Broken Boosey Land holders and Field and Game Australia. Other land user groups are expected to join soon.

BUG members say that the ECC's Report is typical of bureaucratic nonsense in that it gives little, if any, sound scientific evidence to support the proposed restrictions and the many significant errors in the Report have been ignored by the ECC.

BUG claims that the public have quietly accepted the many new restrictions and regulations placed on bush activities over recent years but now believe that the rights of individuals have been ignored long enough and it is time to make a stand.

Spokesperson for BUG - Victoria, Tracee Spiby, today said "it is time that all Bush Users united and gave a clear message to Government that they have had enough of being pushed around. We are also sick of the misinformation being spread and the resultant confused image some people have on this issue."

The first local Bush Users Group has been formed in the Mount Alexander Shire with community based members including horse-riders, dog walkers, firewood collectors and trail bike riders - all of whom are concerned about proposed changes to bush access, President if the local BUG, Robin Taylor, believes that thisnwill be the first of many local BUG's. New BUG's are well under way in Maryborough, Bendigo, Beechworth, Ballarat and Shepparton, Mr. Taylor explained.

Ms. Spiby said "the box ironbark region covers many marginal seats and these politicians will have to make sure that they both listen to and act on local concerns if they want to retain their positions at the next election".

Anyone wishing to make contact with BUG's should phone Tracee Spiby on (03) 5856 1236
We encourage you all to support this group.


7.  FLECKS ! - Glints from here and thereGold Nugget

David Legge is the Managing Director Of Kimberley Mining & Exploration Services P/L. David would very much appreciate readers comments/suggestions to the following proposition and if possible circulated to others for general discussion and feedback.


From the beginning it has been the private prospector who opened up the mineral wealth of Australia often under extreme hardship and deprevation on a daily basis just to feed himself and his family.

Many of the so called big strikes by the large companies owe everything to these prospectors who showed the way but didn't have the means to develop their finds any further. It is still happening today.

Whereas modern exploration techniques have made the discovery of ore bodies easier in the majority of cases the prospector has been there first, but did not have the means available to them to assess what was denied by the naked eye under the overburden surrounding them.
Geochemical, geophysical and other means of exploration are beyond the pocket of the average prospector and do require the supervision of experts in the field.

The tendancy these days is "bigger is better" and is almost something of a big company ego trip to out do the other companies in ounces found. It ignores the thousands of smaller possibilities that combined would far outway the total produced from these "big" finds. Its a situation crying out to be developed.

What is required is the developement of plant/mill processing that will efficiently, economically and environmentally mine the smaller deposits most of which have already been found by the prospector's or, the prospector has indications on the ground as to the possibility of this or even larger deposits waiting to be developed given the financial and technical support to the prospector.

While large mining and exploration companies are at present treading water waiting for the price of gold to soar the US spot price of gold compared to the $AU is steady [generally speaking if the US spot price of gold goes down so does the $AU ] and this is the time to be seeking out ground before the inevitable rush is back on and the large companies start taking up the ground and squeezing the small prospector out again.

I would guarantee that on any given day there are more prospectors in the field throughout Australia actively seeking metals/minerals than any or even a combination of large exploration companies.
This is an opportunity for the small prospectors to combine and become a force utilising the savvy of the prospector and the methods used by the large companies.
I very much agree with an editorial from The Datum Post of July 1996 that "somewhere out there is a corporate explorer who has a bit of common sense and is not solely concerned about making a discovery without a prospectors advice. Someone who is prepared to listen to what you have to say."
There is.

This is the essence of the proposition:

Kimberley Mining & Exploration Services P/L is prepared to restructure the company so as to offer prospectors, in the main, a 49% shareholding in the company [including the current exploration licences held by Kimberley].
In return the company offers the following services to the prospectors/shareholders.

1) Prospective ground will be submitted by prospectors for evaluation and the following information shall be researched
  • ascertain grounds availability
  • historical search of previous exploration
  • geological report
  • samples for assay
  • follow up field trip to ascertain work program and possible development.

The company shall be responsible for expenses associated with the evaluation and all other expenses if the prospect is deemed to warrant further exploration including tenement fees and statutary expenditure requirements.

Where the prospect is developed to the point of an operating mine the prospector shall retain a 49% interest in the profits of the mine and a trickle down profit as a shareholder in the company by way of dividend.

2. The company will make available to the prospector the free online services of the following technical expertise

  • Mining Engineer
  • Consultant Geologist
  • Research Geologist
  • Limited Legal Advice[relating to mining matters]
  • Advice on the use of prospecting equipment.

3. Submissions from prospectors in relation to mining equipment ideas for research and developement into micro mining processing plant/mill.

4. Loans/grants to approved prospectors conducting exploration on behalf of the company
Approved prospectors shall be deemed contractors to the company.
A prospector from each state shall be nominated to the board of directors of Kimberley Mining & Exploration Services P/L.

David would very much appreciate your views, comments and suggestions.

Email Your Comments Please

Phone: (02) 6373 7707

ED NOTE: This is not an invitation to invest.


8.  STRIKESGold Nugget
        Recent Finds

JulyGolden Triangle26 oz.
JulyGolden Triangle8.5 oz
JulyGolden Triangle5.8 oz
We will only publish information that has been authenticated. This is by no means a comprehensive list as many quality finds are not disclosed. - Ed.

26 oz nugget - plus


9.  THE NEW LODE - Next Month's Issue

  • Powering Up
    Coiltek's innovative power surge
  • The Central Deborah's Heritage
    The fabulous Central Deborah Mine
  • Gold Nugget Jewellery
    How to increase the value of your finds
  • Tips using Coiltek's UFO
    The Editor's tips on using Coiltek's UFO


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